ICOM and CAMOC
Street art Grenoble
The International Council of Museums (ICOM) is a non-governmental organisation of museums and museum professionals based in Paris which, to put it briefly, is concerned with museums and their contribution to society.
ICOM has formal relations with UNESCO and it carries out part of UNESCO's programme for museums. It also has a consultative status with the United Nations' Economic and Social Council. ICOM’s activities revolve around 116 National Committees in countries across the world and 30 International Committees.
Istanbul, population 13m+
CAMOC: the International Committee for the Collections and Activities of Museums of Cities was set up in 2005. It owes its origins to the initiative of Moscow City Museum and museum professionals in other countries who felt the need for a Committee which would focus on museums of the city.
The Committee also reflects the growing focus world wide on cites: their economic importance, their spectacular growth and the problems and possibilities they present. The matters for debate on the city are almost endless: pollution, regeneration, the private car, public transport, the flight to the suburbs, the destruction of heritage, insensitive development. The Committee aims to be at the centre of this debate, not least through supporting and encouraging museums of cities in their work of collecting, preserving and presenting original material on the city’s past, present and future, work which can reinforce the city’s identity and contribute to its development.
The Committee was approved by ICOM’s Executive Council during the ICOM General Conference held in Seoul in October 2004. Then, at a meeting in Moscow in April 2005 organised by Irina Smagina and her colleagues at Moscow City Museum delegates from 13 countries drafted the Committee’s aims and objectives and elected an Executive Board.
Casa da Marquesa de Santos, home to a project to create a museum of Sao Paulo.
The Museum of Rio de Janeiro in 2006